Identifying the Three Kinds of Journalism: How and Why?

By Chloe Skaar on May 4, 2017

The society of journalists is facing an attack. Not from looming, nameless organizations or competitors — from consumers.

News consumers pledged their consumption methods to new technology and social media in recent decades, proving to the industry that what is easy is not always right. As a result, the Facebook article sharing, click bait and listicle realm of journalism have endangered and dominated most other mediums.

By Moses Mehraban, flickr.com

Gone are the days of rising early to catch the morning newscast with your cup of coffee and cooking dinner while keeping one ear tuned into the TV or radio to absorb your community’s important events of the day.

In the wake of the internet and information age, we keep ourselves updated on today’s events from a 24-hour news cycle across varying mediums: print, internet, and broadcast. The successes of journalism depend on its mediums and, in return, each medium has its preferred method of journalism.

According to Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel’s “Blur: How to Know What’s True in the Age of Information Overload,” there are three distinctive kinds of journalism: Journalism of Verification, Journalism of Assertion, and Journalism of Affirmation. Each serves a different focus in their reporting styles.

1. Journalism of Verification: Kovach and Rosenstiel define this method as “a traditional model that puts the highest value on accuracy and context.” I picture broadcast news in the Walter Cronkite and Edward Murrow era; a trustworthy and level-headed man smoking a pipe behind an oak desk delivering his latest knowledge of the day’s events without the company of a speculating panel. Traditionalists of the craft regard this method as the foundation of journalism. 

2. Journalism of Assertion: “A newer model that puts the highest value on immediacy and volume and in so doing tends to become a passive conduit of information,” per Kovach and Rosenstiel. Born from the age of information sharing, this method fathered the concept that Facebook and The Odyssey are sources of nonpartisan news. Reporters who implement this method are driven by a high volume of clicks and influencing discussion topics rather than the accuracy of their words. 

3. Journalism of Affirmation: Defined by Kovach and Rosenstiel as “a new political media that builds loyalty less on accuracy, completeness or verification than on affirming the beliefs of its audiences, and so tends to cherry-pick information that serves that purpose.” While this isn’t an entirely new method in the realm of political reporting, consumers of all political parties were left with a taste of PTSD from mainstream media after the 2016 general election.

Familiarizing yourself with each kind of journalism will assist immensely in making sense of today’s muddled news judgment. Know your sources and know their motives to know honest journalism.

Third year journalism student at Missouri State University. Focused on print and internet and reading every book I can get my hands on. Reporter and political beat reporter for The Standard.

Follow Uloop

Apply to Write for Uloop News

Join the Uloop News Team

Discuss This Article

More Uloop News Articles

MSU HOUSING LISTINGS

8 Photos
Opening in Aspen Heights
8 Photos
1block of MSU-1144 E. Walnut 4 bed 4 bath all New
8 Photos
MSU- 4 bed House- all New
8 Photos
Downtown Springfield Near MSU 4 bed 2 bath
8 Photos
Close to Drury, MSU Brick City and OTC
See all MSU Housing Listings

GET TOP STORIES DELIVERED WEEKLY

Receive recent MSU news and classifieds on your Facebook Feed. Click the button below and then click "Like"

BROWSE OTHER COLLEGES

Back to Top

Log In

or Sign Up
Students
Post FREE Listings
Student Start Here
Employers
Post Jobs for Students
Employers Start Here
Housing Providers
Post Available Housing
Housing Start Here

Enter College Name to See Local Results

Log In

Contact Us

Your new password has been sent to your email!

Logout Successful!

You just missed it! This listing has been filled.

Post your own housing listing on Uloop and have students reach out to you!

Upload An Image

Please select an image to upload
Note: must be in .png, .gif or .jpg format
OR
Provide URL where image can be downloaded
Note: must be in .png, .gif or .jpg format

By clicking this button,
you agree to the terms of use

By clicking "Create Alert" I agree to the Uloop Terms of Use.

Image not available.
By clicking Get Started or Sign In you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service

Add a Photo

Please select a photo to upload
Note: must be in .png, .gif or .jpg format